Q: TMC sx of left-sided heart failure = [...]
A: breathlessness, particularly DOE
Q: Trauma is a [...] cause of mitral insufficiency
Q: The most common cause [TMCC] of aortic stenosis = [...]
A: congenital heart disease
Q: Acute pericarditis is a common cause of [...] in young adults.
A: chest pain and abnormal EKG
Q: The effects of dobutamine are to increase cardiac inotropy while [...] peripheral resistance.
Q: CHF mortality reaches [...]% by 3 to 4 years.
Q: Causes of high-output failure: pregnancy, beriberi, Paget's disease, [...], hyperthyroidism, and anemia
A: AV fistulas
Q: Diastolic dysfunction arises from a [...] due to poor compliance.
A: failure in ventricular relaxation
Q: The signal calibration of a normal EKG is [...] mV.
Q: Repolarization occurs during Phase [...]